1 Ministry of Health Malaysia. Malaysia National Cancer Registry Report 2012-2016. Retrieved June 2022 from https://www.moh.gov.my/moh/resources/Penerbitan/Laporan/Umum/2012-2016%20(MNCRR)/MNCR_2012-2016_FINAL_(PUBLISHED_2019).pdf.

2 Journal of Clinical Oncology. Updated analysis of KEYNOTE-024: Pembrolizumab versus platinum-based chemotherapy for advanced non–small-cell lung cancer with PD-L1 tumor proportion score of 50% or greater. Retrieved June 2022 from https://ascopubs.org/doi/10.1200/JCO.18.00149.

3 Ministry of Health Malaysia. National Cancer Registry. National Cancer Institute. Malaysian study on cancer survival (MySCan). Retrieved June 2022 from https://www.moh.gov.my/moh/resources/Penerbitan/Laporan/Umum/Malaysian_Study_on_Cancer_Survival_MySCan_2018.pdf.

4 Lung Cancer Foundation of America. Lung cancer survivor stories. Retrieved June 2022 from https://lcfamerica.org/lung-cancer-info/survivors/.

5 National Cancer Society Malaysia. Lung cancer publications. Retrieved March 2021 from https://cancer.org.my/get-ahead/tun-abdul-razak-digital-library/lung-cancer/.

6 American Cancer Society. Lung cancer risk factors. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html.

7 American Cancer Society. Can lung cancer be prevented? Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/prevention.html

8 American Cancer Society. Can lung cancer be found early? Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html.

9 NHS. Diagnosis: Lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/lung-cancer/diagnosis/.

10 American Cancer Society. Immunotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-non-small-cell/immunotherapy.html.

11 Cochrane. Immunotherapy versus chemotherapy for people with advanced non-small cell lung cancer who have not been not previously been treated. Retrieved June 2021 from https://www.cochrane.org/CD013257/LUNGCA_immunotherapy-versus-chemotherapy-people-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-who-have-not-been-not.

12 Oncology Nursing News. Immunotherapy in cancer care: Educating patients about what to expect. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.oncnursingnews.com/view/immunotherapy-in-cancer-care-educating-patients-about-what-to-expect.

13 American Cancer Society. Chemotherapy for small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-small-cell/chemotherapy.html.

14 American Cancer Society. Chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-non-small-cell/chemotherapy.html.

15 American Cancer Society. Getting oral or topical chemotherapy. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/chemotherapy/oral-chemotherapy.html.

16 Lungevity. Treatment options: Radiation therapy. Retrieved May 2021 from https://lungevity.org/for-patients-caregivers/lung-cancer-101/treatment-options/radiation-therapy.

17 American Cancer Society. Radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-non-small-cell/radiation-therapy.html.

18 American Cancer Society. Radiation therapy for small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-small-cell/radiation-therapy.html.

19 American Cancer Society. Targeted drug therapy for non-small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-non-small-cell/targeted-therapies.html.

20 Cancer.Net. Lung cancer – Non-small cell: Types of treatment. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/lung-cancer-non-small-cell/types-treatment.

21 Translational Lung Cancer Research. Molecular epidemiology of lung cancer and geographic variations with special reference to EGFR mutations. Retrieved June 2021 from https://tlcr.amegroups.com/article/view/2928/3465.

22 American Cancer Society. Surgery for non-small cell lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/treating-non-small-cell/surgery.html.

23 Cancer Research UK. Photodynamic therapy (PDT). Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/photodynamic-therapy-pdt.

24 American Cancer Society. How lasers are used to treat cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/treatment-types/lasers-in-cancer-treatment.html.

25 Cancer Research UK. Microwave ablation. Retrieved June 2022 from https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/lung-cancer/treatment/microwave-ablation.

26 National Library of Medicine. National Centre for Biotechnology Information. Complications of lung cancer treatment. Retrieved March 2021 from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18506668/.

27 Cancer Research UK. Fluid on the lungs or in the abdomen. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/coping/physically/breathing-problems/causes-of-breathlessness/fluid-on-lungs.

28 Cancer Research UK. Treatment. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/coping/physically/breathing-problems/treatment.

29 MedicalNewsToday. What to know about pneumonia and lung cancer. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/316783.

30 LungCancer Net. Symptoms – Coughing up blood. Retrieved October 2020 from https://lungcancer.net/symptoms/coughing-up-blood.

31 Cleveland Clinic. Lung cancer: Management and treatment. Retrieved March 2021 from https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4375-lung-cancer#management-and-treatment.

32 Ministry of Health Malaysia. The impact of noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors on Malaysia’s gross domestic product. Retrieved May 2021 from https://www.moh.gov.my/index.php/pages/view/1904?mid=648.

33 Employee Provident Fund. Health withdrawal. Retrieved June 2022 from https://www.kwsp.gov.my/member/withdrawals/partial/health.

34 CodeBlue. Doctors: Why can’t MOH negotiate for cheaper medicines? 4 November 2019. Retrieved June 2022 from https://codeblue.galencentre.org/2019/11/04/doctors-why-cant-moh-negotiate-for-cheaper-medicines/.

35 CodeBlue. Survey: Malaysians fine with sharing cancer treatment cost. 14 November 2019. Retrieved June 2022 from https://codeblue.galencentre.org/2019/11/14/survey-malaysians-fine-with-sharing-cancer-treatment-cost/.

36 CodeBlue. Advocates call for cancer drugs fund in Budget 2020. 7 October 2019. Retrieved June 2022 from https://codeblue.galencentre.org/2019/10/07/advocates-call-for-cancer-drugs-fund-in-budget-2020/.

37 Health Promotion Board Singapore. Singapore Physical Activity Guidelines. Retrieved June 2022 from https://www.healthhub.sg/sites/assets/Assets/Programs/pa-lit/pdfs/Singapore_Physical_Activity_Guidelines.pdf.

38 Cancer.Net. Nutrition recommendations during and after treatment. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.net/survivorship/healthy-living/nutrition-recommendations-during-and-after-treatment.

39 American Cancer Society. Mouth sores and pain. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/mouth-problems/mouth-sores.html.

40 Cancer.Net. Taste changes. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.net/coping-with-cancer/physical-emotional-and-social-effects-cancer/managing-physical-side-effects/taste-changes.

41 American Cancer Society. Swallowing problems. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/eating-problems/swallowing-problems.html.

42 American Cancer Society. Managing nausea and vomiting at home. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/nausea-and-vomiting/nausea-and-vomiting.html.

43 American Cancer Society. Diarrhea. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/stool-or-urine-changes/diarrhea.html.

44 American Cancer Society. Constipation. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/stool-or-urine-changes/constipation.html.

45 American Cancer Society. Loss of appetite. Retrieved November 2020 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/eating-problems/poor-appetite.html.

46 Your Cancer Story. Physical health. Retrieved October 2020 from https://www.yourcancerstory.com/physical-health/lung.

47 Your Cancer Story. Communication. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.yourcancerstory.com/communication/general.

48 American Cancer Society. The doctor-patient relationship. Retrieved April 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/finding-and-paying-for-treatment/choosing-your-treatment-team/the-doctor-patient-relationship.html.

49 MD Anderson Cancer Center. Newly diagnosed cancer patients: Questions to ask your health care team. Retrieved April 2021 from https://www.mdanderson.org/cancerwise/newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-questions-to-ask-your-health-car.h00-158830434.html.

50 American Cancer Society. Questions to ask about your cancer. Retrieved April 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/content/dam/cancer-org/cancer-control/en/worksheets/questions-to-ask-about-my-cancer.pdf.

51 American Cancer Society. If you’re about to become a cancer caregiver. Retrieved March 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/caregivers/if-youre-about-to-become-a-cancer-caregiver.html.

52 American Cancer Society. Managing advanced cancer. Retrieved May 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/treatment/understanding-your-diagnosis/advanced-cancer/treatment.html.

53 National Cancer Institute. Immunotherapy to treat cancer. Retrieved May 2021 from https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/types/immunotherapy.

54 The New England Journal of Medicine. Pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy in metastatic non–small-cell lung cancer. Retrieved May 2021 from https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1801005.

55 American Cancer Society. Lung cancer risks for people who don’t smoke. Retrieved May 2021 from https://www.cancer.org/latest-news/why-lung-cancer-strikes-nonsmokers.html